India is the second largest onion growing
country in the world. Indian onions are famous for their pungency and are
available round the year. Indian onions has two crop cycles, first harvesting
starts in November to January and the second harvesting from January to May.
are 3 types of crops that are basically grown by farmers in this region Gavthi
(March-October), Red Onion (November-January) and Rangda Onion (January-March).
The major varieties found in India are
Agrifound Dark Red, Agrifound Light Red, NHRDF Red, Agrifound White, Agrifound
Rose and Agrifound Red , Pusa Ratnar, Pusa Red, Pusa White Round. There are
certain varieties in yellow onion which are suitable for export in European
countries Tana F1, Arad-H, Suprex, Granex 55, HA 60 and Granex 429.
Areas of Cultivation:
The Major Onion producing states area
Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh,
Rajasthan, Haryana and Telangana. Maharashtra ranks first in Onion production
with a share of 28.32%.
India Facts and Figures:
There is a lot of demand of Indian Onion in
the world, the country has exported 1588985.72 MT of fresh onion to the world
for the worth of Rs. 3088.82 crores/ 479.32 USD Millions during the year
Modern packhouses for sorting, grading and
packing of the quality onions are available at production zones. Guidelines has
been framed to determine the compliance with maximum residue levels (MRLs) for
the identified pesticides. Grade designation and quality development parameters
has been set up.